It's been a couple of weeks since we did our last country profile on the languages of Oman, so we thought we'd end the week with a quick look at a different country. This time our focus is on Bosnia and Herzegovina, a small country in southeastern Europe.
The Official Languages
Bosnia and Herzegovina has three official languages, which conveniently all happen to be mutually intelligible: Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. All three languages are standard varieties of the Slavic macrolanguage known as Serbo-Croatian to linguists.
Unsurprisingly, the most popular of these languages is Bosnian, which is the native language of over 1.1 million Bosnians. Serbian, the sole official language of neighboring Serbia, is the native language of about 850,000 Bosnians. There are also over 300,000 native speakers of Croatian, the sole official language of Croatia, which borders it to the north.
|The Prenj mountains in southern Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
Vlax Romani, on the other hand, is only spoken by about 4,000 people in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is classified as an Indo-Iranian language, and is the most spoken Romani language in the world, with over 470,000 speakers worldwide.